Q: What is rujoo? How does one do rujoo?
A: When one or two direct Talaaqs are given and the husband wishes to reconcile with the wife, he can do so during the Iddat period in one of two ways; 1. he can verbally say that he has taken her back, 2. there is some form of intimacy between them (not necessary sexual intercourse). One of these two points if done brings her back in the Nikah, but has to be done within the Iddat period and this procedure is referred to as Rujoo' i.e. revoking the Talaaq.
If the Iddat is already over or a Talaaq Baa'in was issued the Rujoo by one of these two means is not possible, but a new Nikah has to be performed, whether during the Iddat or after the Iddat has expired.
If three Talaaqs were issued then the Nikah is completely over. Rujoo and a new Nikah is not allowed.
If for example one Talaaq was issued and Rujoo' was made, the husband now only possesses two Talaaqs because the one issued has been used.
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Moulana Yusuf Laher