Q: What is the meaning of Zaboor
A. One section of the present Old Testament is called The Psalms of David. This Book is understood to be a translation of the Zaboor of Dawood (alayhis-salaam) which was revealed to him by Allah Ta'aala. But as with other books of the Bible, it is certain that some parts were left out, or changed and adulterated, or altered to mean something other than what the original meant.
Mufti Siraj Desai
Q: What is the meaning of Zaboor
Q: A lady asks, why are Jews referred to as pigs in the Quraan? She gives reference as follows, from the Quran itself, in three different verses: 7:166, 2:65, and 5:60. Kindly explain.
A: The Holy Quran does not refer to Jews as pigs. This is a false notion and a distortion spuriously and deviously attributed to the Book of Allah. The verses cited do not call Jews pigs. Whoever said this is guilty of quoting the Quran out of context and positing total falsehood as fact. It is indeed an unforgivable crime when people distort and manipulate the Word of God to suit their false motives and mischievous designs, and to sow the seeds of anti-Semitism between Muslims and Jews.
In verses 2:65 and 7:166, Almighty Allah speaks refers to a group of Jews in the time of The Prophet Moses. These Jews disobeyed the command of God given to Moses regarding the Sabbath. The Sabbath was and still is a sacred day for the Jews. The group referred to in the Quran are those followers of Moses who desecrated and disregarded the sanctity of the Sabbath by catching fish on this day. As a punishment for them Almighty Allah turned them into monkeys and pigs. The story is mentioned in verse 2:65 and then repeated in verse 7:166.
As for verse 5:60, a translation of the full verses provides the answer: Say: (O Muhammad): Shall I inform you of what is worse (than that) as a punishment from Allah? (It is the punishment of) he who Allah has cursed, and became angry with, and made from among them monkeys and pigs and slaves of the Devil. They are (in a) worse (of) position and further away from the straight path."
Again this verse refers to those Jews who were punished by Allah for their violation of the Sabbath. It is clear that the Quran does not call Jews pigs. Anyone who makes this fictitious claim knows full well that such an averment is totally devoid of truth and absolutely detached from reality. The reference to monkeys and pigs is made with regards to a group of people in the time of Moses who disobeyed his commandments. It is totally against reason and logic to construe this as a label attached to all Jews.
Let us turn our attention briefly to a similar reference as above in the Holy Bible of the Christians. In Mark 7:27, Jesus is reported to have said: "Jesus said to her who sought his help: "It is not meet to take the children's bread and to cast it unto dogs." And further in Matthew 7:6: "Do not give that which is holy to the dogs, neither cast your pearls to the pigs."
We ask our Christian friends, who are the dogs and pigs referred to in this verse? The answer to this will leave the Christians with serous considerations
Mufti Siraj Desai
Q: What are the six points of tabligh about? And does it have anything to do with bidah or becoming a different sect of Islam? I Have also come to know that females should not have a bayaan in talims. Could you please explain why?
A: The six points discussed in Tableeghi circles are: Kalimah, Salaah, Ilm, Zhikr, Ikraam-e-Muslim, and Da'wat. All these concepts are part and parcel of Shariah. They are mentioned in quran and sunnah. Any Muslim knows what these points are. So the Tableeghis are not speaking about anything outside of Shariah. This, therefore, cannot be termed bid'ah.
As for ladies ta'leem, if there are only females in the gathering then it is permissible for a lady to lecture to women. That type of bayaan is allowed, provided she speaks on the above mentioned six points and not anything contrary to Shariah.
Mufti Siraj Desai
The questioner, being a Christian will be forgiven for asking a question of this nature, as well as the question of how a good Muslim will know which verses are more important, because this is how Christians approach their Bible. The Bible had to be sanctioned by the Church, which had to officially declare which books are authentic and which are not, and which are “more important” and which are not; consequently they had to expunge some books and even verses from the Bible on the basis that these books were of doubtful origin and source, thus giving rise to the Apocrypha.
As for the Qu'aan, every chapter and section are equally important and enjoy the same sanctity among the whole Muslim nation. The entire Qur'aan was revealed in the time of the Holy Prophet Muhammad and after him all revelation ceased, meaning that there was to be no addition to or deletion from the Holy Qur'aan. Therefore, its compilation was finalized and printed in proper book form soon thereafter. At no stage did new chapters of the Qur'aan come to light after the Messenger of God, nor were any scrolls containing chapters of the Qur'aan discovered afterwards in hidden caves or under rocks. No part of the Holy Qur'aan became extinct or obsolete at any stage, nor did any chapter go missing or disappear; how could it, when thousands knew the entire Qur'aan from memory. The question of different versions, therefore, is totally inappropriate. One part of the Qur'aan is neither less doubtful nor more authentic than the other. Every single aspect of Qur'anic text enjoys equal authenticity.
Q: What exactly is the 3 days, 40 days and 4 months tabligh program? Is it found in any Hadith?
A. It is mentioned in Hadeeth that a person who does an action sincerely for forty days will receive Hikmat (wisdom) which will flow from his heart to his tongue (Kashful Khifaa V2 P224).
It is also recorded in a Hadeeth that a person who performs Salaah with Jamaat for forty days without missing Takbeer Oelaa will receive two protections; a) protection from the fire and (b) protection from hypocrisy (Tirmidhi V2 P7).
So the amount of forty days and its benefits are mentioned in Hadeeth. Based on such Ahaadeeth, it is hoped that if a person goes with the Tableegh Jamaat for forty days continuously, he will receive the blessings of a forty day practice.
Although they encourage the figures of three days, four months, etc. they are not saying that it is compulsory (Waajib), nor Sunnah. It is part of a system devised for the benefit of the participant. The objective is not the amount of days; the objective is personal reformation and developing Divine proximity. If your doctor tells you to take a medication for three days, it is not an issue of Sunnah but of benefit from the medication in three days learnt from the experience of others. In the same way, the elders of the Tableegh Jamaat, after experience, have suggested these amounts of days and this is totally permissible.
Allah Ta'aala knows best.
Moulana Yusuf Laher
Checked by: Mufti Siraj Desai
We begin with a literal translation of these verses:
4: 89: And they wish that you should disbelieve like they have, then you will be equal; so take them not as your friends until they migrate in the Path of Allah. And if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them, and take not from among them a friend or helper.
4: 90: Excluding those who join a people with whom you have a peace treaty or those who approach you whilst their hearts are restrained from fighting you or fighting their people. And if Allah willed He could have imposed them over you then indeed they would fight against you. So if they withdraw from you and fight you not but instead send you peace (offers) then Allah has not given you any right to fight them.
From this literal translation and a thoughtful reading of the above verses it is clear that the command to kill is constrained and conditioned with certain special circumstances. Normally the verses of the Holy Quran need to be understood within a certain context. If read out of context, the meaning is distorted. Christians and other antagonists of Islam are guilty of such misreading and distortion of Quranic meanings because they ignore the context of the verses, either through sheer negligence or deliberate suppression. By context we mean the collective meaning derived from a group of verses. Instead of taking one verse and citing it out of context, the correct procedure is to look at the verses before and after in order to acquire a proper meaning of what The Quran is saying. Secondly, to understand certain intricate verses, the reader needs to resort to official and authentic commentaries of The Quran.
A: If you told your non-Muslim friend not to touch the Quran when she is not clean or when she is in her menses, and you believe that she will respect that and follow your instructions, then you may allow her to keep a translation of the Quran and read it. Another condition for this permissibility is that you should have strong hope of her being attracted to Islam. If she is merely reading the Quran for interest sake or she is a student doing some research and there is no hope that she will embrace Islam, then it will not be permissible to give this non Muslim a copy of the Quran. (Al-Fataawal Hindiyyah)
You should also advise her to keep the quran wrapped in a clean cloth and on a raised place, and not to keep it in a room where alcohol is consumed, or where any un-Islamic activity takes place, and not to touch the Arabic text.
Under these circumstances it will be permissible to leave the Quran with her even though she will not have wudhu when holding the translation. Fataawa mahmoodiya vol.12, p.26
Mufti Siraj Desai