Hajj and Umrah without Mahram

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Q: I am a shafee female and would like to go for Umrah or Hajj. It would be my first time that I will be performing either Umrah or Hajj. Can I go without a mahram in this case?

A:
A woman must be accompanied by a Mahram or a group of trustworthy and reliable women. Here a Mahram means a male whom she is never allowed to marry. He must be able to take care of her.  Travelling with a group of reliable women only applies only to the Fardh Haj and not a Nafl Haj or Umrah.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Senility and Iddat

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Q: Does a woman who is senile have to observe iddat for her husband who passes away? She is in her 90s and doesn't even comprehend the fact that her husband has passed away. This is her usual condition, she forgets family and usually doesn't recognize her children. She also has no concept of time.

A:
A woman in this mental condition is not bound by the laws of Shariah. She should be encouraged to observe iddat, but if she does not, there is no harm in this.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Hiding IP Address

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Q: Is it permissible according to Islamic shariah to use Virtual Private Network and to hide your ip for work related things? I mean not for any kind of illegal activities such as hacking, spying or anything bad or haram? Because I need to use VPN services for my work.

A
: If the VPN service is used to protect one’s personal information or one’s valid Islamic rights and not for spying or hacking, then it is totally permissible to use this, even if there are state laws prohibiting this. Islam has given the individual the right to protect his or her personal information, property, and rights from others in any lawful way possible. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Seek help in the fulfilment of your needs through concealment (privacy)” (Jaamiúl-Hadeeth from Tabarani and others). The hadith prohibits spying and  reading the personal letters of others. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) also prohibited a ruler from spying on his subjects unnecessarily.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Changing Mosque Qibla

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Q: We have come to know that the qiblah in our masjid is not completely precise. Our qiblah is at the moment at 1 degree north where as the precise qiblah is at 12 degrees north.

We are considering doing some maintenance work in the masjid and we are thinking of changing the carpet in the masjid.

Our question is should we reset the carpet to the precise point (12 degrees) or will it be permissible for us to keep it at its current qiblah direction, keeping in mind that if we reset the musallahs to the precise direction we will loose approximately 20 musallahs in the masjid.

A:
The Jurists and Scholars of Fiqh have mentioned that a discrepancy of 15 to 20 degrees in the Qiblah is acceptable and will not invalidate the salaah. In your case, the discrepancy is not so major, hence I advise to leave the Qiblah as it is and save the space inside the Musjid.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Consuming Alcohol

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Q: I am in the field of politics. Most of time we have to have alcohol with seniors but I am now going to go for umrah. After returning umrah can I consume alcohol?

A:
What do you mean by you have to have alcohol with seniors? There is no such compulsion. Who is more important in your life; your seniors or Allah and His Rasool Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam?

You are having alcohol because you want to, not because you have to. Everyone knows that alcohol is forbidden for Muslims and your seniors know that too.

Go for Umrah and make Taubah (repent) for consuming alcohol and promise Allah that you will never drink again.

If politics is making you do Haraam then leave the politics. Your first duty is to Allah Ta'aala and not those seniors.

How can you even ask whether you can return to alcohol?  Leave it for the sake of Allah!

Almighty Allah states in the Holy Qur'aan: O Believers! Verily wine is filth of Shaytaan, so abstain totally from it; (Surah 5: 90) And: “They ask you about wine and gambling; Say: In it is there is great sin…. (Surah 2:219)

The following appears in a hadith: He who drinks wine, Allah Ta'ala shall not except his salaah for 40 days. If he makes repents, Allah will accept his repentance. If he drinks wine again, Allah shall not accept his salaah for 40 days. If he repents again, Allah will accept his repentance. If he drinks wine again, Allah shall not accept his salaah for 40 days. If he repents again, Allah will accept his repentance. If he drinks it the fourth time, then Allah will not accept his repentance. If he dies, he will enter Hell, In Hell he will be made to drink from the pus of the people of Jahannum. This is narrated by Ibn Majah and Tirmizhi

As for alcohol, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu alayhi wa Sallam) said: “He who believes in Allah and the Last Day shall not sit at a table on which wine is served.” (Narrated by Imams Ahmad and Bayhaqi) This means that it is Haraam to be in an eating place where wine is served.

So you should not remain with them when they are drinking alcohol.

Moulana Yusuf Laher


FNB Musharakah Contract

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Q: Is the FNB Islamic home finance permissible based on the musharakah contract in South Africa?

A:
The Musharakah contract of FNB Islamic Finance is acceptable. You may enter into such a contract.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

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