Medical

Types of Miswaak

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Q: Can miswaak (brushing teeth with a twig) be done by branch of any tree?

A:
All  types  of  tree  twigs  may  be  used  for  Miswaak  with  the exception  of:  a)  the  pomegranate  tree,  b)  the  basil  plant,  it  can cause leprosy, c) the myrtle tree, it can also cause leprosy. It, too, should not  be used  as a  toothpick. Preferably,  twigs from  a  bitter tree  should  be  used,  for,  it  (wood  from  a  bitter  tree)  cleanses  the mouth and strengthens the teeth and stomach. Ensure that it is not harmful  or  poisonous.  The  best  Miswaak  is  from  the  olive  tree. Sayyidina  Mu’aadh  radhiallahu anhu  narrates  the  following  Hadeeth  from Rasulullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam:  “The  best  Miswaak  is  from  the  olive  tree,  a  blessed tree. It cleans the mouth and it is my Miswaak and the Miswaak of the Ambiyaa before me.” (As Si’aayah).

It also Mustahabb to use dry twigs from the plant called Salvadora Persica, Araak in Arabic and called Peelu in Urdu, which has been soaked in water and become soft. Rasulullah  sallallahu alaihi wa sallam  and the Sahaabah used Miswaak from this tree.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Female Circumcision

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Q: Is female genital mutilation allowed in Islam considering the fact that women face various complications such as infections, bleeding and even death?

A:
I gather your question pertains to female circumcision. This is not genital mutilation. Mutilation of any organ of the body is haraam in Shariah. That is why male circumcision is not called ‘mutilation’.  Female circumcision is permissible in Shariah. However, if it leads to infection, disease, and death, then it will not be allowed.

The reason why females suffer in this regard is that people are not conducting this type of circumcision in the correct manner. In certain cultures, males who have been circumcised also developed complications. In a few cases this has led to death. This is because the procedure was not carried out correctly.

Where cases like this have developed with females, it is necessary for the Ulema in those areas to speak out against this practice and to stop people from continuing. Female circumcision is not compulsory as is male circumcision. Those Ulema and Scholars who allow it, only do so because they believe it enhances pleasure at the time of sexual intercourse. But I have not come across any hadith to support this.

Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai
Darul-Uloom Abubakr

Using Tampons

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Q: I would like to know what is the ruling on the use of tampons in Islam. Is it permissable?

A:
Inserting anything into the vagina unless for medical reasons, is makrooh tahreemi (not permissible). Since a woman is able to use the normal sanitary pads, she should not use tampons. (Ref: Minahaul-Waarideen)

Medicine with Grape Alcohol

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Q: Can I consume homeopathic medicine containing 27 percent grape Alcohol?

A:
Grape alcohol is not allowed.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Euthanasia in Islam

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Q: Is euthanasia/mercy killing allowed in Islam?

A:
The definition of euthanasia is: a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering.  There are two types of euthanasia: Passive and Active

Passive euthanasia is the withholding of common treatments (such as antibiotics, drugs, or surgery) or giving a medication (such as morphine) to relieve pain, knowing that it may also result in death.

Withholding artificial life support, such as breathing, feeding tubes, respirators, or other life-sustaining machinery is also referred to as passive euthanasia or non-aggressive euthanasia. This is often termed the ‘right to die.’

Another common form of passive euthanasia is to give the patient large doses of morphine to control pain, which usually suppress respiration and causes the patient to die much earlier. These procedures are performed on terminally ill, so that natural death will occur sooner.

In Islam all forms of euthanasia are Haraam and forbidden because this procedure is designed to bring the life of a human being to an end. In the case of active euthanasia, as well as the passive form where large doses of morphine are ministered to the patient, such actions are akin to murder. Whereas in other forms of this procedure the sin will not be equal to murder, there is however, sin incurred because of the intentional termination of a sacred life. It is still, therefore, a major sin. The prohibition will apply even if the patient requested such a procedure.

As for the removal of life-supporting apparatus, this will be permitted on condition that doctors believe these systems will serve no purpose other than to keep the heart or respiratory system functioning. If there is unanimity among the doctors on this matter, then the patient’s family may ask for these systems to be disconnected. This will not be sinful, for at the end death will come at its appointed time. Nothing can expedite death, nor prolong it.

Mufti Siraj Desai

Pet Euthanasia

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Q: Is mercy killing of animals, by using injections, in case of severe illness and chronic stage, allowed in Islam? In other words, pet euthanasia?

A:
Pet euthanasia is not allowed in Islam. Make the animal comfortable as possible and let it die a natural death. It will die on its decreed time. We will not be questioned by Allah Ta'aala for its natural death. But should we take its life, then we shall be held accountable, for that is killing unjustly, regardless of the motive.

Allah Ta'aala knows best.

Mufti Siraj Desai

Bleeding after Miscarriage

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Q: I was 5 weeks pregnant and had a miscarriage. I did a DNC suction and have bled for a week now. The flow has decreased. Will this be regarded as my periods or can I make a fresh wudhu and start reading salaah and Quraan?

A:
Bleeding after a miscarriage wherein no part of the foetus has formed will be regarded as Haidh if it lasts for three days or more. You have to know the amount of days your Haidh normally lasts for. For example it was six days for every period. Now if this bleeding (after miscarriage) stops before 10 days, whether 6,7,8.9 days, you will consider that as Haidh. But if you bleed for over ten days in this bleeding, then you will consider 6 days (per previous habit) as Haidh and from the seventh day as Istihaadhah. So Qadhaa will be made of Salaah from the seventh day onwards.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

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