Miscellaneous

Women in Musjid

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Q: I read this answer below and want to know reason why it says Muslim women are not allowed to attend masjid. I was taught that women are not allowed in the case of them not wearing hijab etc.  Please clarify this.

"Q: Can a non Muslim enter a masjid?

A: It is permissible for a non-Muslim to enter the musjid provided he is adequately dressed and in a sober state. This applies to kuffar men only. Kuffar women are not allowed into the musjid for purdah reasons, just as Muslim women are not allowed to attend the musjid.This ruling applies to all musjids besides the Haramayn Shareefayn. Kuffar will not be allowed to enter Musjidul Haraam in Makka or Musjidun Nabawi sallallahu alaihi wa sallam in Madinah."


A:
In the time of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) women were strongly encouraged to offer salaah at home, but were permitted to come to the musjid for salaah. However, the conditions for attending the musjid at that stage were:

1.      To dress shabbily and not smartly with fashionable clothing
2.      Not to apply any perfume when attending the musjid
3.      To come for Fajr and Eshaa only, and for Jumu’ah salaah.
4.      Not to mingle with men when entering and leaving the Musjid
5.      The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) used to wait a while after the jamaat salaah so that women could leave the musjid before the men stood up.

(The above are mentioned in hadith books like Bukhari, Muslim, etc)

However, in the time of Hazrat Omar (radhiyallahu anhu) it was observed that the women were not observing these conditions. Hazrat Ayesha and Abdullah ibn Mas’ud also noticed this. So Omar The Second Khalifa (radhiyallahu anhu) took the decision to stop them from coming to the musjid. This was done in the presence of all the Sahaaba and they all endorsed this decision of Sayyiduna Omar (radhiyallahu anhu).

This has been mentioned by both Hanafi and Shaafi Scholars, such as Allama Badrud-Deen ‘Aini, Allama Ibn Hajar Makki, and Ibn Hajar Haitami, etc.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai





One Side of the Story in a Dispute

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Q: Is it fit for me to make a decision where there are two parties involved and only heard from the one side and also don't know if he is giving me a genuine story?

A:
This is incorrect. Both sides have to be heard and preferably in the presence of each other.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Non Muslim in Masjid

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Q: Can a non Muslim enter a masjid?

A
: It is permissible for a non-Muslim to enter the musjid provided he is adequately dressed and in a sober state. This applies to kuffar men only. Kuffar women are not allowed into the musjid for purdah reasons, just as Muslim women are not allowed to attend the musjid.This ruling applies to all musjids besides the Haramayn Shareefayn. Kuffar will not be allowed to enter Musjidul Haraam in Makka or Musjidun Nabawi in Madinah.

And Allah Ta'ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai
Darul-Uloom Abubakr
Port Elizabeth
South Africa

Dua for Success

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Q: 4 months since my Nikkah (marriage) though in having ruksaty meaning farewell and now I will be living with my husband but ever since 2 weeks I've been having negative thoughts like things won't work out and supersticious too. What can I pray that my marriage should be filled with happiness and everything should go well?

A:
Recite this Du'aa after every Salaah:

 

اَللّٰهُمَّ أَلِّفْ بَيْنَ قُلُوْبِنَا وَأَصْلِحْ ذَاتَ بَيْنِنَا وَاهْدِنَا سُبُلَ السَّلاَمِ ، وَنَجِّنَا مِنَ الظُّلُمـَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ، وَجَنِّبْنَا الْفَوَاحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ ، وَبَارِكْ لَنَا فِى أَسْمـَاعِنَا وَأَبْصَارِنَا وَقُلُوبِنَا وَأَزْوَاجِنَا وَذُرِّيَّاتِنَا ، وَتُبْ عَلَيْنَا إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ التَّوَّابُ الرَّحِيمُ ، وَاجْعَلْنَا شَاكِرِينَ لِنِعْمَتِكَ مُثْنِينَ بِهَـا قَابِلِيهَا وَأَتِـمَّهَا عَلَيْنَا ،

 

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Definition of Qareen

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Q: I recently came across some information about a jinnkind called qareen. How authentic is this? Can you please give us some guidance on this.

A:
Qareen means companion.

I think that you are referring to the word qareen mentioned in Verse 36 of Surah Zukhruf.

In this verse Allah says that the person who blinds himself and ignores the advices of Rahmaan (Allah), that person will be assigned a qareen, i.e. a companion from among the devils who will discourage him from performing good acts.

So this is not a Jinnkind, rather, it is a companion assigned to a person.

Allah Ta'aala knows best.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Reason for Sickness

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Q: How is sickness viewed in Islam? Is it a punishment for sins or a forgiveness? For example, my husband has epilepsy and bit his tongue quite a few times. He says maybe he gossiped or used foul language and that is why he bit his tongue. So is this sickness a punishment? He's had epilepsy for quite a number of years. When I ask the learned people they say it is a forgiveness. What does this mean? Isn't it also a punishment to guide you to the straight path or make you closer to Allah? Please clarify this for me.

A:
The exact reason Allah Ta'aala alone knows, but we should have a positive attitude.

Possibilities:

1. Sickness is a means of forgiveness for sins committed. Through the virtue of the sickness, it is hoped that when the person meets Allah, he will be clear of sins.
2. It is a means of receiving a greater and higher status in the hereafter.
3. It is mentioned in Hadeeth: Everything is beneficial for a Mu’min. When goodness reaches him he makes Shukr (expresses gratitude unto Allah). When grief reaches  him  he  adopts  Sabr  (patience).  Both  these  qualities  are
commendable.
Thus he will be rewarded for his patience.
4) It is a means to draw closer to Allah, to be more aware of His bounties bestowed, to appreciate.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

View on Transgender

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Q: What is the Islamic view on transgenders?

A: This is regarding a person who has both organs; of a male and female. This person is called a Khunthaa in the books of Fiqh.

Obviously it is no fault of the person that he is born in this way. It is not permissible to ridicule tease and taunt such a person.

There are three types of Khunthaa:
1. Although the person has both organs, but he urinates from the male organ. This person will be included among the males and the laws regarding males will fall on him.

2. The person urinates from the female organ so will be included among the females. The laws related to females will fall on this person.

This applies before the person reaches maturity. After maturity, the person will be rechecked. If he experiences wet dreams like a male then he will be counted as a male. On the other hand, if the person develops breasts and other signs of being feminine the she will be included among the females.

3. When both masculine and feminine signs are equal and it cannot be determined whether the person is more male or more female then such a person is termed Khunthaa Mushkil. There are different laws regarding such a person, a few examples:

It is not permissible for a Khunthaa Mushkil to wear silk and jewellery. Both these are permissible for females. But because this person’s condition cannot be ascertained, so precaution demands that such a person not wear silk and jewellery, because of the possibility that the person may be more male.

Such a person cannot travel without a Mahram because of the possibility of being more female.

When this person dies, Ghusl will not be given because the question arises that who will render the Ghusl, male or female? The law is that this person will be given Tayammum. If a Ghayr Mahram is rendering the Tayammum then the person has to wear a cloth over the hands. A Mahram does not have to wear a cloth over the hands.

Allah Ta'aala knows best.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

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