Messengers

Difference between a Prophet and Messenger

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Q:  Is Dawud alaihis salaam a prophet or messenger? What is the difference between prophet and messenger?

A:
Imam Fakhruddeen Raazi has explained the differences between a Rasool (prophet) and a Nabi (messenger). A Rasool is one who has performed miracles and has received a new Divine book. He establishes a new code of law (Shar'iah) and abrogates the previous code of law and book. He has also visibly seen the angel that comes with the Divine message, and the Rasool is commanded to invite the people towards the Deen.

A Nabi is one who is not given a new book, but rather establishes the book which was revealed to the Rasool before him. He does not abrogate the book and the code of law which was in vogue before him. He sees the angel in a dream or the Rasool of the time informs him that he has been chosen as a Nabi. (Tafseer Raazi V1 p3212, Mafaateehul Ghayb V23 p43)

The Taurah served as a code of law for his people. The Zaboor revealed to him did not consist of a new code of law. The Zaboor contained mostly praises of Allah Ta'aala, advices and words of wisdom. It also foretold the advent of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Zaboor was revealed on the 12th night of Ramadhaan to Nabi Dawood (Alayhis Salaam). He was a Nabi.

Allah Ta'aala knows best.

Moulana Yusuf Laher


Difference Between Nabi and Rasool

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Q: What is the difference between a Rasool and a Nabi?

A. Imam Fakhruddeen Raazi has explained the differences between a Rasool (prophet) and a Nabi (messenger). A Rasool is one who has performed miracles and has received a new Divine book. He establishes a new code of law (Shar'iah) and abrogates the previous code of law and book. He has also visibly seen the angel that comes with the Divine message, and the Rasool is commanded to invite the people towards the Deen.
 
A Nabi is one who is not given a new book, but rather establishes the book which was revealed to the Rasool before him. He does not abrogate the book and the code of law which was in vogue before him. He sees the angel in a dream or the Rasool of the time informs him that he has been chosen as a Nabi. (Tafseer Raazi V1 p3212, Mafaateehul Ghayb V23 p43)
 
Moulana Yusuf Laher
Checked and approved by: Mufti Siraj Desai

Intercession of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam

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Q: What is the proper way to seek intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and deceased saints?

A:
One can make Du'aa to Allah and ask Allah to grant needs in the Name of Our Rasool (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam) or through the Medium of Our Rasool. This is permissible and is proven from Hadeeth. One can also make Du'aa through the medium and intercession of pious people who have passed away. Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alayhi wa Sallam) made Du'aa through the medium of the Muhaajir Sahaabah, and they made Du'aa for rain through the medium of his uncle Abbaas. If this was done when they were alive then one can do so even more after their death because one is not asking from them anything, rather one asks from Allah through their Barakaat, blessings, and good A’maal. And it is well known that these pious people died with the greatest of A’maal and once they died their deeds were accepted and sealed by Allah. There will be no addition or deletion to their deeds. So there is even a greater reason to make Du'aa through the medium of the dead pious people, for we know that after passing away they were accepted by Allah. We are not asking from them directly, for this is Haraam, and these Sahaabah and pious people cannot give us anything if we asked from them even in their lifetime, and more so after death.

Mufti Siraj Desai