Iemaan

The Ashari Aqeedah

E-mail Print PDF

Q: is the Ash'ari'a sect bid'aat (an innovation)? Are its aqeedah (beliefs) not in accordance with the teaching of the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam?

A:
With regards to Aqeeda there emerged two great figures during the third century hijri, viz Imam Abul-Hasan Ash’ari and Imam Abu Mansoor Matureedi. Most of the Ulema after them subscribe to one of the two Schools of Aqeeda espoused by these Scholars, viz the Ash’ari and the Matureedi Schools. The Hanafi scholars favoured the School of Matureedi, while Shaafi Scholars inclined towards the Ash’ari School of Aqeeda. These two great Imams do not differ in the fundamental and basic beliefs of Quran and Sunnah. Instead their differences are confined to either academic definitions or to the secondary level of beliefs that spring from fundamentals. For example, they all believe and accept that Allah has unique and uncreated Attributes, and that these Attributes were with Allah since His existence, which is from forever. However, they will differ as to the definition of these attributes in an academic sense, or in how these attributes of Allah affect human beings.

It must be emphasized that these differences are not based on personal opinion, for aqeeda is never expounded and promoted in such a manner. Instead, the aqeeda that these great Imams expounded were based on Quran, Sunnah, and the fatwas of the Sahaaba and Ulema after them.  If any of them adopted a belief different to the other, it would be supported by the above sources of Islamic teaching.

On this basis you will understand that both Ash’ari and Matureedi belong to the Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’ah. The Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’ah is that group who follow in the footsteps of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and his Sahaaba. The Matureedi and Ash’ari Schools of Aqeeda do not divert from the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger sallallahu alaihi wa sallam and his Sahaaba. The hue and cry with regards to the Aqeedah of Matureedi and Ash’ari and the question of them not belonging to the Ahlus-Sunnah wal Jama’ah, only developed recently with certain ardent and biased followers of Ibni Taymiyyah, especially the Ulema of Saudi Arabia. Before then, for centuries. there has been total and absolute unanimity among all Scholars that the Ash’ari and Matureedi are of the Ahlus-Sunnah.

Mufti Siraj Desai

Conviction in Faith

E-mail Print PDF

Q: What is meant by performing tawaqquf in aqaaid (belief)? This is referred to as kufr in the book Fiqh al akbar.

A: In Fiqhul Akbar of Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa (rahmatullahi alayh) it is mentioned that one who doubts his iemaan is not a mu'min (believer). In other words, when one is asked: 'are you a mu'min?', he replies" ' I don't know' or 'I am not sure' then this statement constitutes kufr.

Tawaqquf means to be non-committal or hesitant to do something. If one is hesitant and non-committal about iemaan, then it means one has expressed doubt in iemaan, and that leads to kufr or disbelief. A Believer must be sure of his iemaan.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Mormons

E-mail Print PDF
Q:  Who are Mormons? Can you prove that Islam is true or their religon is wrong through their book?
 
A: Mormonism is an offshoot of Christianity. Its followers, called Mormons, believe that Jesus Christ appeared to one Joseph Smith of America in 1820 commanding him to restore his teachings. They also believe in the Trinity and general beliefs of Christians. However, mainstream Christianity do not accept them as Christians and believe the Mormons are a cult and not part of Christianity.
 
This prophet, who was also called Mormon, was supposed to have given them them a book called the Book of Mormon, which Mormons believe is an addition to the New Testament.
 
We have not yet had the opportunity to study their books and writings, so cannot at this stage provide the proof that you request.
 
In any case, from an Islamic perpsective, the Mormons are as false and misguided as the majority of Christians themselves.
 
There is no new prophet to come after the Pophet Muhammad (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). So this claim is totally false. As for their books, we will insha Allah study some of their writings and see if the proof you request is indeed available from their books.
Last Updated on Thursday, 01 July 2010 08:08

Divine Origin of Shariah

E-mail Print PDF
Q: Please give me three reasons a Muslim might put forward to support his or her belief that Islamic law (shari'a) cannot be made by humans, but must come from Allah.
 
A: Here are a few reasons to prove that Shari'ah is Divine and not man-made. Before proceeding we need to understand that Shari'ah comprises Qur'aan and Sunnah. Qur'aan is the Holy Book of Almighty God revealed to The Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), the last Messenger of God to mankind. 

Sunnah means the sayings, actions, and practices of Prophet Muhammad, as well as practices of his Disciples that he approved and sanctioned whilst living among them. We will now advance reasons for the Divine nature of the Qur'aan and the Sunnah, so that readers will understand that both Fountainheads of Islamic Belief and Practice are Divine in content and origin.

THE HOLY QUR'AAN

1) The Holy Qur'aan has predicted events of the future that came true. For example, the victorious return of the Romans after being vanquished by the Persians. (Surah 30: 2 – 4) The Romans were so badly defeated that even the political experts of the time gave them no chance of ever re-organising themselves into a force of note, let alone avenging their defeat by the Persians. But it happened within the time frame set out by The Qur'aan. Another example is the exploration of space by man, as in Surah 55, verse 33. At that stage in history it was never dreamt that human beings will one day traverse the domains of outer space. Only Divine Knowledge could have forecast such an event. A third forecast was the conquest of Makkah, which too, was not even remotely anticipated by the Muslims of that time. Such was the conviction of this conquest that the Holy Qur'aan mentioned it as a foregone conclusion; hence the use of the past tense verb. See Surah 48, verse 1.

2) The Holy Qur'aan revealed secrets of people to the Messenger of God in his lifetime, such as the presence of hypocrites (who pretended to be Muslims but were in fact traitors and spies – 9:101); the motives of a group of people who erected a mosque in order to divide the Muslim community. (9:107); the unravelling of a plan hatched by the wives of Prophet Muhammad (in order to gain more attention from him) (66:3)

3) The Holy Qur'aan has discussed details of scientific events, phases of creation, and unfolding of nature. The Prophet Muhammad was not schooled in any science, so how was it possible for him to speak so accurately about science and nature? Examples: The stages of the foetus in the mother’s womb and subsequent birth (Surah 23, verse 12 and beyond) ; the creation of living beings from water (biology) (21:30); the renting asunder of the heavens and earth (a theory that scientists have dubbed ‘the big bang’) (21:30); the pegging of mountains deep into the earth (16:15), something science only discovered recently. The Prophet Muhammad had never travelled across the sea, yet the Qur'aan that he recited accurately described the darkness beneath the waves of the ocean! (24:40) There are many more of such extraordinary observations related to science and nature in the Qur'aan; we have sufficed with a few. For more information, visit this link www.harunyahya.com/miracles_of_the_quran_01.php 

4) The Qur'aan discusses the story of Yusuf or Joseph in great detail. This story was never mentioned in the Torah or the Injeel (The Old and New Testaments). Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was not a man of letters and had neither studied history. How could he have located a story of this nature in the annals of history? The same can be said of the many historical accounts chronicled in the Qur'aan.

5) Shari'ah Law is derived partially from Qur'aan. When considering the laws of The Qur'aan, it becomes evident that these are designed with precise benefit and effect, and are most appropriate to bring about the intended objective of establishing law and order on earth. Man-made laws are always flawed and have to be altered and adjusted to match changing trends and habits. Quranic Law is as relevant today as it was fourteen hundred years ago. The Quran’s penal code is unique. Every country that applied the Quranic injunctions of the death penalty, amputation of a thief’s hand, lashing for fornication, stoning to death for adultery, lashing for drinking wine, achieved an exceptionally low crime rate, almost negligible. Then when considering the nature of these laws, one cannot fail to see that no human mind could have conjured up punishments of this nature. History proves that none of these were used by past nations, and it was only Islam that introduced them to the world. This is another clear proof of Islam’s Divine nature. The Islamic Law of Succession is another case in point. No human mind could have fathomed out a system of estate distribution as mentioned in the Qur'aan. Whichever way one looks at it, the divisions of shares work out accurately and fairly.


THE SUNNAH

We now turn our attention to the Sunnah or Traditions of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam
 
1) He taught the use of clay stones to cleanse the private part after passing urine. Latter day scientists have discovered that natural clay is the only substance besides water that can neutralise the alkaline deposits in urine that leave behind bacteria and germs. How would an unschooled and untrained man, living in the middle of the desert, know of such things, if not guided by a Superior Power?

2) He emphasized the use of the Miswaak – a wooden twig – to cleanse the teeth. Today medical science has revealed healing propensities in this particular twig. Again, is this mere co-incidence or Divine Intervention?

3) He advocated the use of sand when cleansing dirty utensils. Here too, it has been scientifically proven that sand contains a natural detergent that removes germs and bacteria.

4) Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam predicted events that happened in his time, after him, and that will still occur. This list is lengthy, so we mention a few:
a. He predicted that his followers would fight among themselves after his demise. Exactly 40 years after he passed away, this prediction came true.
b. He forecast huge volcanic eruptions in Madinah. This was witnessed about 600 years later.
c. He prophesied that Muslims would engage in severe battles with Mongolian Tartars. When he made this prediction, these Mongolians were unknown to the people of his time. The Prophet Muhammad actually described the Chinese features of these people, yet had never set eyes on a Mongolian or a Chinese! More than 600 years later, the Mongols from Central Asia attacked and ransacked Baghdad and surrounding areas.
d. He predicted that during latter years, vices will become rife. He spoke of widespread and open prostitution, consumption of alcohol, rampant murder, wars among nations, common abuse of trust, unqualified people taking up posts of leadership, a surfeit of wealth in the world yet economic upheaval, poverty that will destroy nations, disobedience and abandonment of parents. These are just a few of many. No one who knows the modern world can deny that these evils are not predominant and prevalent in our societies. How could a man living among a nascent civilization over fourteen centuries ago predict such events with certainty and accuracy?

I think the above is more than enough evidence on which we can safely conclude that Islam and its elementary teachings are Divine and Sacred. One final observation that will leave one in no doubt that A Divine Hand that controls Islam:

Islam with its profound teachings and spiritually enhanced practices has remained unchanged since its inception fifteen centuries ago, right down to the minutest detail of the Prophet Muhammad’s life. Nothing has changed barring new faces and places. Every act of worship, every prayer, and every rule continues to remain alive and vibrant in the life of every Muslim man, woman, and child. No other religion can even come near Islam in this concept. Does one need anything more to prove Islam’s Divinity?

Mufti Siraj Desai
Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 June 2010 12:43

Objections Against Allah

E-mail Print PDF
Q: A Hindu Atheist made this statement:  I'd rather go to hell than be with your Allah. He's nothing but a vengeful bully. (May Allah save us from such statements). What is your response?
 
A: Perhaps you are not aware of the meaning of Allah. Allah is the Arabic word for God, which Hindus will refer to as Raam, and in Hindi Khuda or Parmechar, etc. These are all the Names of God in the different languages. So my friend, the God that created you and all mankind, as well as every single creation is the same, call him God, Allah, Raam, of whatever.
 
Perhaps you may have denounced God and choose to abandon your belief in Him, as I see from the name submitted in your email "a athiest hindu". But then your statement that God is a "vengeful bully" is a contradiction, because there you are admitting there IS A God and that He brings about events in this world that you describe as bulliness and vengance! If you prefer to call yourself an athiest, meaning one who does not believe in a God, then how come you attribute events in this world to a God? So before we proceed with any logical debate on the existence of God, I need to know from you whether you do hold a belief in God and subsequently attribute all the mayhem and evil in this World to Him, or don't you believe in a God, then you need to explain whom are you referring to as "a vengeful bully"
 
Last Updated on Monday, 07 June 2010 03:31

Asking the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam for Help

E-mail Print PDF

Q: Can we ask the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wa sallam directly for help?

A:
It is Haraam to ask the Holy Prophet directly for anything. Yes it is permissible to go to his grave and ask him to intercede for one by Allah, or ask him to make Du'aa for one by Allah. But this can be done only in front of his Blessed Grave and not from afar. This is mentioned in the books of all math-habs.

And Allah knows best.

Mufti Siraj Desai

Qualities of Allah

E-mail Print PDF
Q: Is it right to believe that Allah has eyes, hands but unlike His creation?

A:
It is wrong to express a belief in the words you used, that is, “Allah has hands, eyes, face, etc.” The Holy Qur'aan and Hadeeth do not mention these qualities in such a manner. Instead the Qur'aan and Hadeeth speak of The Hand of Allah, The Face of Allah, The Eyes of Allah, etc. We therefore, say that the reality of such qualities are known only to Allah, because our understanding of hands, face, and eyes, can only be confined to limbs that are created. It will be the height of Kufr to compare Allah Ta’aala to anything that He Himself has created. We use those terms only as Allah has used them. For this reason Imam Hasan Basri and other great Scholars never even allowed the translation of these words into another language. Rather they would prefer that these words are used in the Arabic form. So instead of saying Hand of Allah, we say what the Qur'aan said, i.e. YADULLAH, and so forth. According to latter generation scholars and some of the former, it is permissible to interpret these Qualities in a metaphoric manner, i.e. conveying a broader meaning that humans can understand. For example, Imam Bukhaari (RA) translates the Face of Allah to mean the Very Being of Almighty Allah. Other Scholars say the Hand refers to Power and Control. These meanings do not go contrary to any Law of Qur'aan and Hadeeth, nor are they different or contrary to the Attributes of Almighty Allah.
Mufti Siraj Desai
Last Updated on Wednesday, 24 March 2010 02:15

Page 1 of 2

  •  Start 
  •  Prev 
  •  1 
  •  2 
  •  Next 
  •  End