Greeting before Salaah

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Q: There's one person in the Musjid before Salah he makes Salaam to everyone then he sits in his place. Is this permissible or would this be considered Bid'at (an innovation)?

A:
It is not a sunnah to make salaam to people when entering the musjid for namaaz. Besides if people are making salaah then this constitutes a disturbance. If this is done regularly and consistently then it means the person is considering this a necessary practice, meanwhile it is not even a sunnah; hence, it will be regarded as a bid’ah.

Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Question on Taqdeer

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Q: My husband is asking me, that if Allah knows everything that we are going to do and whatever is in our hearts than why doesn't Allah stop us from doing wrong things beforehand as He knows it's wrong and we shouldn't do it.

A:
Your question on taqdeer refers. Indeed Allah Ta’ala knows everything that is happening anywhere in the Universe and whatever will happen anywhere and anytime in the future. However, we are here in the world for a test. If Allah was going to stop us from doing wrong, then for what will we be rewarded? Then there is no reason for Allah to speak about Jahannum and punishment of grave. How can we then be given thawaab for abstaining from sin when we did nothing to earn that reward. Then there is no reason for all the Laws of Shariah, because Allah will just let us do good and stop us from evil. Actually, it means that we don’t even have reason to be rewarded because we are not doing the good out of our own effort and will-power; instead Allah is doing everything for us. Then we have to also ask: Why does Allah not stop people from becoming kaafir? And if he does that, then there won’t be any kuffar in the world, thus taking away the need for Jahannum. So this idea makes the whole Deen futile. Therefore, the idea itself is wrong. Allah gave us will power and freedom to act as we want; now he rewards those who do good and punishes those who do wrong. This is very logical and sensible.

I trust you have now understood the matter, aameen

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Greeting for the Deceased

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Q: When I cross a graveyard I say the prescribed Salaam (greeting) but someone told me that when you cross a graveyard where Muslims are not buried you aren't supposed to say anything. Is this true? Is there any Hadith about this?

A:
Salaam is made to Muslim inhabitants of the graves and not to non Muslims. So it should not be read when crossing a non Muslim grave/graveyard.

In the du'aa is Salaam and asking Allah to grant Maghfirat (forgiveness) to the deceased people. Maghfirat is not asked for on behalf of non Muslims.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Investment in Livestock

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Q: I have an investment that invests in livestock, I have requested a Rand value of the investment to determine my zakaat for 1436. I would like to know if the way I have gone about calculating my zakaat is correct? I was advised that the value of zakaat on livestock is greater than the respective rand value?

A:
If your investment entails a partnership or joint ownership in livestock then the zakaat has to be calculated according to the number of heads of livestock and not on rand value. There is a table that Shariah has drawn up for zakaat on livestock. You and your partners will have to calculate your zakaat according to this table. However, after you have determined the number of animals to be given in zakaat, you are allowed to give the rand value of those animals in zakaat instead of the actual animals.

If on the other hand, you are not a partner in ownership of the animals but invested your money only to share in profits, then there is no zakaat on the animals but on the cash money you accumulate after one Islamic year. For example, you gave someone R100,000 to do business with the condition that you will receive 50 percent of whatever profits he makes in any Halaal trade. This person then decides to trade in livestock with your cash capital. He buys and sells sheep or cattle, after which he passes on to you half of the profits accrued. In such a case, you are not liable for zakaat on the stock. Instead your zakaat will be payable on the cash money you received that remains in your possession after 12 Islamic months.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

If your investment is any different to what I have described above, please let me know, for the ruling might differ

Mufti Siraj Desai

Taxi Driver and Female Passengers

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Q: Can a Muslim male person do a taxi driving job? Can he pick up female passengers in his car, talk with them, laugh with them etc? The lady who gives the money for the driver sometimes her hand may touch the drivers hand or finger, so is it ok for a Muslim male to do the taxi driving job? Sometimes he would travel alone with a female passenger.

A:
It is permissible for a Muslim male to do taxi driving as a form of income. It will be permissible for him to transport females in the course of his work. However, the condition for this is that the female must sit at the back of the taxi and not next to him; it is haraam for him to laugh, joke, and make petty talk with the female. He must try his best not to allow his hand to touch the non mehram or ajnabi female. All this is haraam. He has to keep Allah as Haazir and Naazir and observe taqwa of the heart. If he cannot do this then he rather stop his taxi business or only transport males.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

A Question on Evolution

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Q: Is there any record in the ahadith of how long ago Adam alaihis salaam was put down onto this earth? And also I was recently told that seeing as the people of those times were so large and we now are much smaller that this is evidence of evolution. What answer can I give to this?

A:
There is no record of this time period in any authentic hadith. However, seerah (history) books mention a few thousand years. But only Allah Ta’ala knows

The fact that people grew smaller in size over the centuries is not the evolution that Darwin and his followers teach or espouse. The evolvement of man from an ape cannot be remotely deduced from the changing of people’s sizes. The human hasn’t change in the basic physical features since the time that Nabi Adam (alayhis salaam) was CREATED by Allah (Not having evolved from a baboon or monkey), though the sizes of people are different nowadays compared to before. But such change is not evolution. Evolution is the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth, or it is the gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form. From this definition we can see that the changing of the sizes of people is not evolution.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

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