Validity of Marriage

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Q: A girl gets married (nikah) secretly with witnesses (2 girls and one boy) but we don't even know if the boy is baalig (mature) or not. Is the marriage valid in this case?

A:
For a Nikah to be valid:

Both boy and girl must be Baaligh and sane. The girl must grant her permission to get her married to that particular boy. The boy must accept. At least two witnesses should be present. The two witnesses should also hear the declaration and the acceptance. The witnesses should be two males or one male and two females.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Difference between a Prophet and Messenger

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Q:  Is Dawud alaihis salaam a prophet or messenger? What is the difference between prophet and messenger?

A:
Imam Fakhruddeen Raazi has explained the differences between a Rasool (prophet) and a Nabi (messenger). A Rasool is one who has performed miracles and has received a new Divine book. He establishes a new code of law (Shar'iah) and abrogates the previous code of law and book. He has also visibly seen the angel that comes with the Divine message, and the Rasool is commanded to invite the people towards the Deen.

A Nabi is one who is not given a new book, but rather establishes the book which was revealed to the Rasool before him. He does not abrogate the book and the code of law which was in vogue before him. He sees the angel in a dream or the Rasool of the time informs him that he has been chosen as a Nabi. (Tafseer Raazi V1 p3212, Mafaateehul Ghayb V23 p43)

The Taurah served as a code of law for his people. The Zaboor revealed to him did not consist of a new code of law. The Zaboor contained mostly praises of Allah Ta'aala, advices and words of wisdom. It also foretold the advent of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi wa Sallam). The Zaboor was revealed on the 12th night of Ramadhaan to Nabi Dawood (Alayhis Salaam). He was a Nabi.

Allah Ta'aala knows best.

Moulana Yusuf Laher


Leader of the Women of Paradise

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Q: Who is the leader of the pious women in paradise?

A: Hadhrat Fatima (Radhiyallaahu Anhaa). (Bukhaari)

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Maximum Period for Qasr

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Q: For how long can one shorten prayers while on a journey? (How many days maximum).

A:
The criterion for Qasr Salaah is the distance being travelled and the duration of stay at the temporary venue. One who travels 77.7 km or more and will stay at a place for 14 days or less, qualifies as a Musaafir. If a person is travelling this distance or more, Qasr Salaah will commence as soon as the person leaves the border of his hometown.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Leaving Home in Iddat to Visit Kids

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Q: If a lady is 62 years old and her husband dies and she stays at home for 2 months of iddah. Thereafter she says that she wants to move out to see her children (who are married and their houses are nearby), would it be  permissible for her to move out for this reason?

A:
It is not permissible for her to move out, irrespective of her age. She has to compulsorily complete the Iddat without moving. Seeing her children is not a valid reason for her to leave the Iddat house. The children can visit her.

If a woman observing iddat is in real danger of losing life or limb, or she suffers from acute fear when alone, then she may leave her home and stay in a safer place. (Fataawa Hindiyyah V1 P535, Aljauharatun Nayyirah V4 P310).

She cannot leave for any other reason.

Moulana Yusuf Laher

Carrying Quran in a Bag

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Q: If some one sets off on a journey and wants to take the Qur'an-e-Kareem with her/him in a bag that she/he is carrying on the shoulder; can one carry the Qur'an in such a way? Would it make some disrespect to the holy book?

A:
It can be carried in that manner. The bag portion must not be too low and it must not be kept behind the back.

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