Investment in Livestock

E-mail Print PDF

Q: I have an investment that invests in livestock, I have requested a Rand value of the investment to determine my zakaat for 1436. I would like to know if the way I have gone about calculating my zakaat is correct? I was advised that the value of zakaat on livestock is greater than the respective rand value?

A:
If your investment entails a partnership or joint ownership in livestock then the zakaat has to be calculated according to the number of heads of livestock and not on rand value. There is a table that Shariah has drawn up for zakaat on livestock. You and your partners will have to calculate your zakaat according to this table. However, after you have determined the number of animals to be given in zakaat, you are allowed to give the rand value of those animals in zakaat instead of the actual animals.

If on the other hand, you are not a partner in ownership of the animals but invested your money only to share in profits, then there is no zakaat on the animals but on the cash money you accumulate after one Islamic year. For example, you gave someone R100,000 to do business with the condition that you will receive 50 percent of whatever profits he makes in any Halaal trade. This person then decides to trade in livestock with your cash capital. He buys and sells sheep or cattle, after which he passes on to you half of the profits accrued. In such a case, you are not liable for zakaat on the stock. Instead your zakaat will be payable on the cash money you received that remains in your possession after 12 Islamic months.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

If your investment is any different to what I have described above, please let me know, for the ruling might differ

Mufti Siraj Desai

Taxi Driver and Female Passengers

E-mail Print PDF

Q: Can a Muslim male person do a taxi driving job? Can he pick up female passengers in his car, talk with them, laugh with them etc? The lady who gives the money for the driver sometimes her hand may touch the drivers hand or finger, so is it ok for a Muslim male to do the taxi driving job? Sometimes he would travel alone with a female passenger.

A:
It is permissible for a Muslim male to do taxi driving as a form of income. It will be permissible for him to transport females in the course of his work. However, the condition for this is that the female must sit at the back of the taxi and not next to him; it is haraam for him to laugh, joke, and make petty talk with the female. He must try his best not to allow his hand to touch the non mehram or ajnabi female. All this is haraam. He has to keep Allah as Haazir and Naazir and observe taqwa of the heart. If he cannot do this then he rather stop his taxi business or only transport males.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

A Question on Evolution

E-mail Print PDF

Q: Is there any record in the ahadith of how long ago Adam alaihis salaam was put down onto this earth? And also I was recently told that seeing as the people of those times were so large and we now are much smaller that this is evidence of evolution. What answer can I give to this?

A:
There is no record of this time period in any authentic hadith. However, seerah (history) books mention a few thousand years. But only Allah Ta’ala knows

The fact that people grew smaller in size over the centuries is not the evolution that Darwin and his followers teach or espouse. The evolvement of man from an ape cannot be remotely deduced from the changing of people’s sizes. The human hasn’t change in the basic physical features since the time that Nabi Adam (alayhis salaam) was CREATED by Allah (Not having evolved from a baboon or monkey), though the sizes of people are different nowadays compared to before. But such change is not evolution. Evolution is the process by which different kinds of living organisms are thought to have developed and diversified from earlier forms during the history of the earth, or it is the gradual development of something, especially from a simple to a more complex form. From this definition we can see that the changing of the sizes of people is not evolution.

Allah Ta’ala knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Reading Wife's Messages

E-mail Print PDF

Q: My husband has a habit of reading my messages on my phone. It's not that I have anything to hide from him but my mother has personal problems which she sometimes tells me about in her messages in confidence as she does not have anyone else that she can talk to which he then reads about and is always getting the wrong idea. He never tells me that he has read my messages so I am not even aware. However this time I saw him doing it and then he brought up other conversations which he read. How should I address this?

A:
If the husband has strong and valid reasons to suspect his wife of infidelity, then it is permissible for him to read her messages or her letters. However, if the grounds for suspicion are not strong enough, or merely based on hearsay, then it is not permissible for him to do so. Likewise, if he intends to spy on her for reasons other than suspected infidelity, then too, it is haraam for him to read her personal letters and messages.

You should approach him directly but decently and make it known that you are aware of this act of his and that you do not appreciate him doing so. Personal messages between you and your mother are confidential. Perhaps he will take heed and stop this habit.

Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai

Musjid Collections

E-mail Print PDF

Q: As a Mutawalli of a Musallah of my area, our committee has decided to collect donations via having young boys walk around in the masjid on jummah day with a collection box. I would like your assistance in guiding us in making the right decision and guidance in this regard.

A:
It is makrooh and not advisable to collect funds like this in the musjid for the following reasons:

1. It disrupts the musallees if some of them are making salaah.
2. If the lecture is on then it distracts the attention of both the speaker and the audience.
3. If this is done when khutba has commenced then of course, it is totally haraam.
4. Indirectly musallees are being compelled to contribute to the musjid, because one might feel embarrassed to let the box go pass without dropping anything into it when others are doing so. Then the intention is not for Allah but just to avoid embarrassment in the eyes of others.
5. One might feel embarrassed to drop a small amount in the box, even if a bigger amount is not affordable.

All this is contrary to the spirit of contributing to the cause of Allah Ta’ala.

I would advise to have a fixed collection box somewhere at the back of the musjid, as most of the masaajid have. Then whoever contributes will be doing so willingly and sincerely.

Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai
Darul-Uloom Abubakr

Breastfeeding and Marriage

E-mail Print PDF

Q: Our grandmother breastfed my maternal aunt's son and my maternal uncle's daughter.Is nikkah (marriage) permissible between the cousins?

A:
Since both cousins drank milk from the same woman, they have become ‘milk’ brother and sister. Nikah between them is now eternally prohibited.

Allah knows best

Mufti Siraj Desai
Darul-Uloom Abubakr

Page 7 of 283